Study on effects of exclusive bus-lane on uban traffic

With increased public awareness of global environmental problems, the task of reducing CO2 expelled from vehicles is becoming inevitable. As a measure to reduce greenhouse gas, a public transport priority plan as well as a traffic congestion measure in urban regions are currently drawing attention from the public. Specifically, for cities where railroad transport has not developed to a certain level, the importance of bus transport is beginning to be recognized and is considered to be the most general public transport means that allows people to commute to the city. Furthermore, when we think of the present condition of Japan's rapidly aging society, securing means of transport for people who are physically handicapped is an important issue. In coping with this problem, the importance of bus transport is about to be recognized as an indispensable traffic means. However, due to the popularity of personal vehicles, switching from bus to private car transport is occurring at a remarkably fast pace. Even now, where deregulation is discussed, the number of bus users continues to decline. The cause of this situation can partially be traced back to the old-style management policies of bus companies. However, one of the major causes of this situation is that buses are unable to keep a regular time. To cope with such problems, bus lanes that allow buses to keep their schedules have drawn attention. The purpose of introducing bus lanes is to allocate a part of the road to be used exclusively by buses (and other public transport), to secure punctual bus schedules and to increase the number of bus users. However, the introduction of a bus lane is equivalent to restricting the use of the road that is already jammed at peak time by vehicles. The expansion of traffic congestion is clearly seen as a consequence of introducing bus lanes. Due to such situations, it is conceivable that there are areas where the introduction of bus lanes must be postponed, although the importance of bus transport is recognised. This paper attempts to clarify the perspective of this issue by investigating whether the introduction of bus lanes can improve traffic situations.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 10p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01393862
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB
  • Files: ATRI
  • Created Date: Aug 23 2012 9:50AM