PROCEDURES FOR ESTIMATING HIGHWAY USER COSTS, AIR POLLUTION, AND NOISE EFFECTS

THE OBJECTIVES OF THIS PROJECT WERE TO EVALUATE DATA RELATED TO USER COSTS ON VARIOUS HIGHWAY FACILITIES UNDER DIFFERENT LEVELS OF SERVICE, VOLUMES, AND OTHER CONDITIONS, AND TO DEVELOP A METHODOLOGY FOR RELATING THESE VARIABLES TO USER COSTS AND TO AIR POLLUTION AND NOISE EFFECTS. THE RESEARCH WAS TO INCLUDE SENSITIVITY ANALYSES TO IDENTIFY THE HIGHWAY DESIGN AND SITUATION VARIABLES THAT HAVE MAJOR IMPACTS ON OUTPUT VARIABLES AND THEREFORE SHOULD BE INCLUDED IN RESULTS PRESENTED TO HIGHWAY DECISION MAKERS. THE RESEARCH TEAM FROM STANFORD RESEARCH INSTITUTE COMPILED AND UPDATED MOTOR VEHICLE RUNNING COST DATA FOR USE IN CALCULATING RELATIVE ROAD USER COSTS AT DIFFERENT LEVELS OF HIGHWAY SERVICE AS AFFECTED BY DETAILS OF GEOMETRIC DESIGN AND TRAFFIC PERFORMANCE. BY USE OF APPENDIX A OF THE HIGHWAY CAPACITY MANUAL, RELATIONSHIPS WERE DERIVED FOR PEAK-HOUR VOLUME PER LANE AS A FUNCTION OF AADT PER LANE PAIR. QUEUING WAS ANALYZED BASED ON THE SHOCK WAVE METHOD FOR UNINTERRUPTED FLOW AND THE DETERMINISTIC METHOD FOR INTERRUPTED FLOW. A METHODOLOGY FOR ESTIMATING VEHICLE EMISSIONS WAS DEVELOPED BASED ON PROTOTYPICAL VEHICLE RESULTS AND PROJECTED TRENDS IN POLLUTION CONTROL STANDARDS. /HRB/

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
  • Authors:
    • Curry, D A
    • Anderson, D G
  • Publication Date: 1972

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 127 p.
  • Serial:
    • NCHRP Report
    • Issue Number: 133
    • Publisher: Transportation Research Board
    • ISSN: 0077-5614
  • Publication flags:

    Open Access (libre)

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00226614
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: May 7 1973 12:00AM