The wider costs of transport in English urban areas in 2009

This paper focuses on urban areas as the challenges and opportunities for transport are more pronounced in larger towns and cities. This is because the intensity of transport use is higher in urban areas and the population affected by transport is larger given the significantly higher densities. We have reviewed evidence of the costs of various outcomes associated with transport in urban areas. Whilst it may not be feasible or efficient to eliminate these costs, they provide an indication of the scale of the challenges faced by urban areas. The right balance of investment in urban areas will depend on the effectiveness and costs of individual measures. These estimates show that the costs of excess delays, accidents, poor air quality and physical inactivity in urban areas are of similar scale. Whilst the costs of greenhouse gas emissions and the annoyance associated with noise are smaller, these are still significant and in the case of greenhouse gases expected to rise sharply in future years.


  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 34p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01384754
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB
  • Files: ATRI
  • Created Date: Aug 22 2012 4:53PM