Street lighting for preventing road traffic injuries (review)

Street lighting has been suggested as a relatively low-cost intervention with the potential to prevent traffic crashes. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of street lighting on injuries caused by road traffic crashes. The Cochrane Injuries Group's Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, TRANSPORT and the Australian Transport Index were searched. In addition the Internet and checked reference lists of relevant papers were searched. The search was not restricted by language or publication status and were conducted to October 2008. Randomised controlled trials, non-randomised controlled trials and controlled before-after studies, comparing new street lighting with unlit roads, or improved street lighting with the pre-existing lighting level were selected. Two authors screened search results, extracted data, assessed risk of bias and analysed the data. Seventeen controlled before-after studies of street lighting were found, all reporting crash data, of which 15 contributed data to the meta-analysis. Seven trials included a designated control site; the other ten collected data at one site with the day-time data being used as the control. The methodological quality of the trials was generally poor. The results from this systematic review suggest that street lighting may prevent road traffic crashes, injuries and fatalities. However, further well designed studies are needed to determine the effectiveness of street lighting in middle and low-income countries.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 56p
  • Serial:
    • Issue Number: CD004728

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01382949
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB
  • Files: ATRI
  • Created Date: Aug 22 2012 1:39PM