COST AND MEDICAL EVALUATION OF POLICE VS PROFESSIONAL AMBULANCE SYSTEMS

THE PROBLEM OF EFFECTIVELY TRANSPORTING THE VICTIMS OF TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS OR OTHER EMERGENCIES TO THE HOSPITAL HAS RECEIVED RENEWED ATTENTION IN RECENT YEARS. CONCEPTUALLY, THE OPTIMAL RECOVERY SYSTEM IS ONE WHICH MINIMIZES MORBIDITY IN A COST-EFFECTIVE WAY. HOWEVER, THE USE OF THIS OBJECTIVE IN THE PRACTICAL EVALUATION OF ALTERNATIVE SYSTEMS IS DIFFICULT, FOR MORBIDITY IS INFLUENCED BY MANY FACTORS IN ADDITION TO THE RECOVERY SYSTEM. POLICE AND PROFESSIONAL RECOVERY SYSTEMS ARE ANALYZED AND COMPARED IN TERMS OF (1) THE TIME TAKEN TO REACH THE SCENE, (2) THE QUANTITY AND QUALITY OF MEDICAL TREATMENT ADMINISTERED TO THE VICTIM BEFORE TRANSFER TO THE HOSPITAL, (3) THE TIME INTERVAL BETWEEN ARRIVAL ON-THE-SCENE AND RETURN TO SERVICE, AND (4) THE REAL COSTS AND OPPORTUNITY COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH THE TWO RECOVERY SYSTEMS. A SURVEY OF THE CURRENT USAGE OF THESE TWO ALTERNATIVES IN MAJOR CITIES OF THE UNITED STATES IS PRESENTED. THE COST-EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS IS DEVELOPED BY CONSIDERING THE FACTORS INFLUENCING THE BENEFIT AND COST MEASURES IN EACH OF THE ALTERNATIVE RECOVERY SYSTEMS. DATA FROM AN EXPERIMENT CURRENTLY BEING CONDUCTED IN COOPERATION WITH DETROIT, MICHIGAN WILL BE UTILIZED TO DEMONSTRATE THE COMPARISONS AND TRADEOFFS. /AUTHOR/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • 14 Pp, Figs, REFS
  • Corporate Authors:

    Highway Safety Research Institute

    Huron Parkway and Baxter Road
    Ann Arbor, MI  USA  48109
  • Authors:
    • Hanitzsch, E
    • Hall, W
  • Publication Date: 1969

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00225957
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Highway Safety Research Institute
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 16 1971 12:00AM