MINIMIZING EXHAUST EMISSIONS-A REALISTIC APPROACH

PISTON ENGINES WILL BE THE DOMINANT VEHICULAR POWER PLANT FOR THE NEXT 20 YEARS. ALTHOUGH MODIFICATIONS TO ENGINE DESIGN AND OPERATING CONDITIONS WILL REDUCE EXHAUST EMISSIONS SUBSTANTIALLY, CATALYTIC EXHAUST-GAS CONVERTERS WILL BE REQUIRED TO REACH THE EXTREME LOW LEVELS OF EMISSION DESIRED. LEAD-FREE GASOLINE WILL BE REQUIRED TO PERMIT THE CATALYST TO FUNCTION PROPERLY FOR THE DESIRED MILEAGE. THE INITIAL DROP IN GASOLINE OCTANE NUMBER, DUE TO OMISSION OF LEAD, WILL BE RECOVERED GRADUALLY BY REFINERY PROCESS CHANGES. GASOLINE WILL BECOME MORE AROMATIC, MORE ISOPARAFFINIC, AND LESS OLEFINIC, WHILE BEING REDUCED IN SULFUR CONTENT. THE TOTAL CONTENT OF POLYNUCLEAR AROMATICS IN THE EXHAUST GAS IS SHOWN TO BE NOT AFFECTED BY A SUBSTANTIAL INCREASE IN THE AROMATIC CONTENT OF THE GASOLINE. POLYNUCLEAR AROMATICS IN THE EXHAUST ARE OXIDIZED ALMOST COMPLETELY BY CATALYTIC CONVERTERS. GOVERNMENTAL ACTIONS, STATEMENTS BY THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY, AND STATEMENTS BY THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY ARE CITED. /AUTHOR/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Stp 487, pp 36-53
  • Corporate Authors:

    American Society for Testing and Materials

    100 Barr Harbor Drive, P.O. Box C700
    West Conshohocken, PA  United States  19428-2957
  • Authors:
    • Faust, W J
    • Sterba, M J
  • Publication Date: 1971

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00223636
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 30 2003 12:00AM