RECOGNITION OF PHOTOGRAPHED TRAFFIC HAZARDS AS AN INDICATOR OF AUTOMOBILE ACCIDENT INVOLVEMENT

THE PURPOSE WAS TO DETERMINE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ACCIDENT INVOLVEMENT AND DRIVER RECOGNITION AND JUDGMENT MEASUREMENTS ON A DEVICE WHICH SIMULATED TRAFFIC HAZARDS. IT WAS HYPOTHESIZED THAT QUICK RECOGNITION AND CAUTIOUS JUDGMENTS AS MEASURED ON THE DEVICE WOULD BE ASSOCIATED WITH FEWER ACCIDENTS. THE SIMULATION DEVICE USED WAS A SYSTEM OF PROJECTING COLOR SLIDES ON TO A HORIZONTAL SCREEN FROM THE REAR. THE SCREEN WAS COVERED WITH A STACK OF PERFORATED OPAQUE SHEETS WHICH GRADUALLY REVEALED MORE AND MORE OF THE SCREEN AS SHEETS WERE REMOVED ONE AT A TIME. PERFORMANCE WAS MEASURED BY THE NUMBER OF SHEETS REMOVED BEFORE THE SUBJECT RECOGNIZED THE HAZARD; THIS WAS THE RECOGNITION SCORE. PERFORMANCE WAS ALSO MEASURED BY THE NUMBER OF SHEETS REMOVED BEFORE THE SUBJECT DECIDED THAT HE HAD SEEN ENOUGH TO RECOGNIZE IT; THIS WAS THE JUDGMENT SCORE. THE JUDGMENT SCORE YIELDED A STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT, THOUGH LOW MAGNITUDE, CORRELATION WITH THE CRITERION, AND THE RECOGNITION SCORE DID NOT. THERE WAS SIGNIFICANT INTERACTION BETWEEN SIMULATOR SCORES BUT THE STRENGTH OF ITS ASSOCIATION WITH THE CRITERION WAS SLIGHT. BOTH SCORES DEMONSTRATED HIGH DEGREES OF RELIABILITY AND AGE AND EDUCATION APPEARED TO BE EXTRANEOUS VARIABLES WHICH ARE ASSOCIATED WITH THE SCORES. THE COMPARISON OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE AND THE INTERVIEW AS CRITERION MEASURES INDICATED THAT THE INTERVIEW GATHERED MORE ACCIDENTS AND YIELDED HIGHER CORRELATIONS WITH THE SIMULATOR SCORES. /AUTHOR/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • No 71-8972, 125 PP
  • Corporate Authors:

    Columbia University

    367 Franklin Avenue
    New York, NY  USA  11010
  • Authors:
    • Weinstein, S A
  • Publication Date: 1970

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00223582
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Nat Safety Council Safety Res Info Serv
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Nov 1 1971 12:00AM