EVALUATION OF PAVEMENT MARKING TO DESIGNATE DIRECTION OF TRAVEL AND DEGREE OF SAFETY

THIS STUDY WAS DESIGNED TO INVESTIGATE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PAVEMENT MARKING AS RELATED TO THREE ITEMS - DRIVER PERCEPTION, DRIVER UNDERSTANDING AND DRIVER PERFORMANCE. THREE MARKING SYSTEMS WERE STUDIED USING WHITE, YELLOW, BROKEN AND SOLID LINES, SINGLY AND IN COMBINATION. SINCE THERE APPEARED TO BE NO SINGLE MEASURE WHICH FULLY DESCRIBED THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PAVEMENT MARKING, FIVE PHASES OF STUDY WERE DEVELOPED. EACH PHASE WAS DIRECTED TOWARD A DIFFERENT MEASURE OF EFFECTIVENESS. PHASE I - SLIDE PRESENTATION - WAS DIRECTED TOWARD DRIVER PERCEPTION AND UNDERSTANDING. PHASE II - LATERAL PLACEMENT - WAS A DIRECT MEASURE OF DRIVER PERFORMANCE. PHASE III - PASSING STUDY - WAS CONDUCTED AS A MEASURE OF DRIVER UNDERSTANDING AND ACCEPTABILITY. PHASE IV - LANE USAGE - WAS ALSO DIRECTED TOWARD DRIVER UNDERSTANDING AND PERFORMANCE. PHASE V - DRIVER INTERVIEW - WAS DESIGNED PRIMARILY TO MEASURE DRIVER PERCEPTION. THE ANALYSIS OF THE RESULTS OF THESE PHASES PROVIDED SUFFICIENT DATA FROM WHICH CONCLUSIONS WERE DRAWN REGARDING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF VARIOUS MARKING TYPES. SIGNIFICANT RESULTS WERE FOUND IN MANY OF THE STUDIES WHICH INDICATED THAT PAVEMENT MARKING SYSTEMS COULD BE DEVISED TO CONVEY MEANINGFUL INFORMATION TO THE DRIVER. HOWEVER, THIS WOULD REQUIRE SOME PERIOD OF EDUCATION AND ADJUSTMENT ON THE DRIVER'S PART. ALSO, THE USE OF COLOR APPEARS TO HAVE GREATER POTENTIAL IN THE LONG RUN THAN THE USE OF LINE SHAPE. /AUTHOR/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Hpr, 1-14163, STATE NO 4532-132
  • Corporate Authors:

    Ohio Department of Highways

    Columbus, OH  USA  43210
  • Authors:
    • Taylor, W C
    • Hubbell, J S
  • Publication Date: 1967-8

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00222559
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Bureau of Public Roads /US
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 15 1994 12:00AM