Identification of drivers in traffic accidents and determination of passenger position in a vehicle by finger marks

Certain investigative activities in the forensic analysis and examination of the scene of traffic accidents are illustrated in this paper. In order to enable professional and proper forensic investigation, when a traffic accident occurs, the scene must be secured as soon as possible. Failure to do so might result in losing or contaminating the traces, which, for the purposes of further procedures or admissible evidence, might make it more difficult to prove or explain that trace evidence. Since analyzing and investigating traffic accidents requires a great deal of expertise and attention from investigators, this topic is discussed from the viewpoint of crime scene examination. Feigned accidents, hit-and-run accidents, as well as accidents in which driver and passengers need to be identified, dead or alive, may all be considered complex traffic accidents. Standard criminal investigation methods, as well as police forensic and forensic medicine methods, are followed in identifying the passengers. Included in such methods are confirming identities with identity documents, vehicle ownership, biological traces, fingerprints, contact traces, fiber traces, and traces of physical injuries on the driver and passenger, among others. In, for example, the event of moving the victims and changing the scene of the accident, according to results obtained in fingerprint detection on human skin surfaces, this method can also be applied in confirming physical contact between the driver and the passengers in the accident.

  • Availability:
  • Authors:
    • Trapecar, Matej
    • Lipicnik, Martin Ivan
    • Balazic, Joze
  • Publication Date: 2012

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 53-61
  • Serial:
  • Publication flags:

    Open Access (libre)

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01367904
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 13 2012 10:21AM