Costs of Crashes to Government, United States, 2008

This paper, from a conference on crash injury control, reports on a study that estimated how much the Federal government and state/local government pay for different kinds of crashes in the United States. The authors considered government costs to include reductions in an array of public services (emergency, incident management, vocational rehabilitation, coroner court processing of liability litigation), medical payments, social safety net assistance to the injured and their families, and taxes foregone because victims miss work. Government also pays when its employees crash while working and covers fringe benefits for crash-involved employees and their benefit-eligible dependents in non-work hours. The authors then applied their estimates to existing US Department of Transportation estimates of crash costs to society and employers. The data showed that government pays an estimated $35 billion annually because of crashes, which represents an estimated 12.6% of the economic cost of crashes (Federal 7.1%, State/local 5.5%). Government bears a higher percentage of the monetary costs of injury crashes than fatal crashes or crashes involving property damage only. The authors conclude with a discussion of whether return on investment is an appropriate government crash safety investment objective. While government is increasingly recovering the medical cost of crashes from auto insurers, medical costs and income and sales tax losses account for 75% of government's crash costs.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Appendices; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 347-356
  • Monograph Title: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine. 55th Annual Scientific Conference, Paris, France, October 3-5, 2011
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01357676
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Nov 16 2011 2:50PM