THE EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL ON DECISION-MAKING WITH RESPECT TO TRAFFIC SIGNALS

THIS REPORT DESCRIBES AN INVESTIGATION THAT COMPARED THE ABILITY OF SUBJECTS, WITH AND WITHOUT ALCOHOL, TO SELECT AND EXECUTE THE APPROPRIATE RESPONSE TO A CHANGING TRAFFIC SIGNAL LIGHT. IN EXPERIMENTAL SESSIONS INVOLVING THE USE OF ALCOHOL, EXAMINATION WAS MADE OF DRIVING PERFORMANCE AS A FUNCTION OF ASCENDING AND DESCENDING MODERATE BLOOD ALCOHOL LEVELS (B.A.L.). ANALYSIS OF THE ERROR RESPONSES SHOWED STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT IMPAIRMENT UNDER RISING B.A.L. UNDER DESCENDING B.A.L. A MARKED REDUCTION IN TOTAL ERRORS WAS EVIDENCED, ALTHOUGH IN BOTH SESSIONS IN WHICH ALCOHOL WAS USED MORE ERRORS OF JUDGMENT OCCURRED THAN IN NORMAL SESSIONS. IMPLICATIONS FOR DRIVING UNDER A MODERATE INFLUENCE OF ALCOHOL ARE DISCUSSED. /AUTHOR/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • NO ICRL-RR-68-4
  • Corporate Authors:

    Health, Education & Welfare Dept /US

    /Injury Control Research Lab
    ,   USA 
  • Authors:
    • Lewis, E M
    • Sarlanis, K
  • Publication Date: 1968-9

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 24 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00223756
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 1 1972 12:00AM