TRAFFIC CONTROL & ROADWAY ELEMENTS - THEIR RELATIONSHIP TO HIGHWAY SAFETY/REVISED. CHAPTER 8 PEDESTRIANS
BETWEEN 1937 AND 1961, THERE HAS BEEN A MARKED DECREASE IN PEDESTRIAN DEATHS FROM 15,500 TO 7,550 IN THE UNITED STATES. SINCE 1961, AN INCREASE IN PEDESTRIAN DEATHS AND INJURIES HAS OCCURRED. IN 1969, OF THE 56,400 PERSONS KILLED IN MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENTS, 9,800 OR 17.4 PERCENT WERE PEDESTRIANS. ALSO, THERE IS A HIGHER INVOLVEMENT RISK FOR YOUNGER AND OLDER PEDESTRIANS. A HIGHER ACCIDENT FREQUENCY RATE EXISTS FOR MALE PEDESTRIANS AND FOR NON-WHITES. ALCOHOL, DARKNESS, WET WEATHER, LOCATION, AND SEVERITY ARE CONTRIBUTING FACTORS IN PEDESTRIAN ACCIDENTS. SUGGESTED RECOMMENDATIONS TO IMPROVE SAFETY INCLUDE THE USE OF (1) ONE-WAY STREETS, (2) TRAFFIC SIGNALS, (3) CROSSWALKS, (4) GRADE SEPARATED CROSSINGS, (5) ILLUMINATION, AND (6) REGULATIONS COVERING SAFETY CAMPAIGNS. VISIBILITY AIDS SUCH AS SMALL REFLECTIVE TAGS WORN AT NIGHT HAVE REDUCED PEDESTRIAN DEATHS IN SWEDEN.
- The Automotive Safety Foundation published the first three chapters in this series. The remaining nine chapters were published by the Highway Users Federation for Safety and Mobility.
Highway Users Federation for Safety and Mobility1776 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC United States 20036
- Mueller, E A
- Rankin, W W
- Publication Date: 1970
- Features: Figures; References;
- Pagination: 7 p.
- TRT Terms: Age; Alcohols; Crash rates; Crosswalks; Fatalities; Gender; Grade separations; Hazards; Injuries; Light; Location; Moisture content; Night; One way traffic; Pedestrian vehicle interface; Pedestrians; Risk assessment; Safety education; Traffic conflicts; Traffic crashes; Traffic signals; Visibility
- Uncontrolled Terms: Motor vehicle accidents; Wet conditions
- Subject Areas: Education and Training; Highways; Pedestrians and Bicyclists; Safety and Human Factors; Society;
- Accession Number: 00223398
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Aug 8 1971 12:00AM