State Best Practice Policy for Shoulders and Walkways

Safety is the number one priority for the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) and it’s the agency’s policy to provide safe and effective pedestrian accommodation wherever possible. The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) encourages the use of specific proven pedestrian safety countermeasures that can help achieve local, State and National safety goals. One of those countermeasures is the inclusion of walkways and paved shoulders. This flyer highlights three agencies: New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT), Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) and the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) that have implemented policies and plans that promote the inclusion of paved shoulders and walkways. All State and local agencies are encouraged to consider providing and maintaining paved shoulders or walkways along both sides of streets and highways in urban areas, particularly near school zones and transit locations, and where there is frequent pedestrian activity. A walkway is defined as a continuous way designated for pedestrians and separated from motor vehicle traffic by a space or barrier. A shoulder provides a gravel or paved highway area for pedestrians to walk next to the roadway, particularly in rural areas where sidewalks and pathways are not feasible.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Edition: FHWA Safety Program
  • Features: Photos; References;
  • Pagination: 4p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01357183
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA-SA-11-018
  • Files: NTL, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Oct 31 2011 3:42PM