European Road Safety Inspection (EuRSI) Research Project

This paper describes how road transportation in Europe is a high value sector area, which had a turn-over of almost 2.5 trillion Euros in 2006 with almost 293 million vehicles traveling on over 5 million kilometers of road-network. In the same year, just under 43,000 people were killed on European roads. In 2001, the European Commission (EC) drafted an objective to reduce the present number of deaths by half to 25,000 by 2010. There are three main areas that influence road-safety; vehicle, driver behavior and route environment or infrastructure. Safety aspects of road vehicle are covered by a number of eSafetyAware initiatives such as the European new car assessment (EuroNCAP) program. Improvements in driver behavior are covered by a number of initiatives including training, driver licensing, enforcement as well as ongoing research projects. Road infrastructure safety has become a key area of interest within the transportation sector and is supported by a number of directives and initiatives. A Tunnel Directive came into force 1 May 2004, promoting greater driver safety in tunnel environments. A road infrastructure safety management directive has already been adopted by the Commission and is currently passing through various legislative processes. This directive focuses on four specific areas; road-safety impact assessment, road-safety audit, high accident concentration ranking and safety inspections of existing roads. This directive will come into force in December 2010 and member states will have to adopt guidelines in order to support the competent entities. These entities include both public and private organizations involved in implementing the directive. Over 40% of European road related fatalities and injuries occur along rural or secondary road networks. Rural roads constitute a large percentage of the total route network throughout Europe. Road safety audits and inspections vary across Europe, for example, only 10 out of 20 European countries surveyed were obliged to carry out Road Safety Audits in 2007. The current road infrastructure directive seeks to address this shortcoming by compelling member states to adopt and implement more standardized road safety assessment procedures. Current road inspection surveys are manually intensive and involve an engineer annotating a digital map or using spatially referenced video to manually classify various features along the route. A recent research highlighted the requirement for common evaluation tools and implementation strategies in carrying out these inspections and assessing risk along route corridors.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Pagination: v.p.
  • Monograph Title: European Transport Conference, 2010 Proceedings

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01352362
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 19 2011 12:58PM