IMPACT TOLERANCE - ABDOMIANL INJURY

A LITERATURE STUDY AND LABORATORY TESTS WERE CARRIED OUT TO DETERMINE (1) THE MAJOR CAUSES OF ABDOMINAL INJURY, (2) INJURY MECHANISMS, (3) A QUANTITATIVE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INPUT AND OCCURRENCE OF TRAUMA, AND (4) TO DEVELOP THE CRITERIA TO RECOMMEND PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR MATERIALS WHICH OFTEN PRODUCE BLUNT ABDOMINAL INJURY. AN EXTENSIVE ANALYSIS OF CASE REPORTS INDICATED THAT THE MOST FREQUENT CAUSES OF BLUNT ABDOMINAL INJURY WERE THE STEERING WHEEL. SEAT BELT AND VARIOUS PROTRUDING OBJECTS IN A VEHICLE; THE ORGANS MOST OFTEN INJURED WERE THE LIVER, PANCREAS, SPLEEN AND INTESTINE. HOWEVER THE RESULTS INDICATE THAT THE VERVET MONEKY (CERCOPITHECUS PYGERYTHRUS) CAN SURVIVE (INJURY LEVEL OF 3) BLUNT IMPACTS TO THE UPPER ABDOMEN WITH THE VARIOUS IMPACTORS USED AT VELOCITIES UP TO 22 MPH, WHILE IN THE MIDABDOMEN IT CAN SURVIVE IMPACTS OF THIS TYPE OF APPROXIMATELY 26 MPH AND IN THE LOWER ABDOMEN OF 34 MPH. /AUTHOR/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Rept No HSRI-71-102
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

    Highway Safety Research Institute
    Ann Arbor, MI  USA 
  • Authors:
    • Beckman, D L
    • MCELHANEY, J H
    • ROBERTS, V L
    • STALNAKER, R L
  • Publication Date: 1971-10-30

Media Info

  • Pagination: 319 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00221870
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Final Rept
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 12 1973 12:00AM