THICK FOG AND ITS EFFECT ON TRAFFIC FLOW AND ACCIDENTS

THE FREQUENCY AND DURATION OF THICK FOG (VISIBILITY LESS THAN 200M) IN GREAT BRITAIN HAS BEEN ANALYZED FOR THE PERIOD 1958-67. THE HIGHEST MEAN ANNUAL NUMBER OF DAYS WHICH THICK FOG AT RECORDING SITES WAS 17 AT 0900 GMT AT WATNALL (NOTTINGHAMSHIRE). GENERALLY THICK FOG WAS FOUND TO BE RELATIVELY INFREQUENT, PATCHY, RARELY WIDESPREAD AND OF SHORT DURATION. ITS FREQUENCY INLAND HAS BEEN FALLING IN RECENT YEARS, PROBABLY BECAUSE OF THE CLEAN AIR ACT, 1956. FOUR THICK FOGS OF 24 HOUR DURATION ON WEEKDAYS REDUCED TRAFFIC FLOW BY ABOUT 20 PERCENT. (PREVIOUS REPORTS HAD INDICATED CONSIDERABLY GREATER REDUCTIONS AT WEEKENDS.) THE NUMBERS OF FATAL AND SERIOUS ACCIDENTS AND CASUALTIES WERE REDUCED BUT SLIGHT ACCIDENTS AND CASUALTIES INCREASED SIGNIFICANTLY. ACCIDENTS IN DARKNESS AND THOSE INVOLVING PEDESTRIANS WERE REDUCED SIGNIFICANTLY WHEREAS THOSE INVOLVING MORE THAN TWO VEHICLES WERE INCREASED SIGNIFICANTLY. OVERALL, THERE WAS NO CHANGE IN THE FATAL AND SERIOUS ACCIDENT RATE PER UNIT OF TRAFFIC WHEREAS THE SLIGHT INJURY AND TOTAL ACCIDENT RATES INCREASED BY ABOUT 70 AND 50 PERCENT RESPECTIVELY. /HSL/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Rept No RRL-LR-397
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transport and Road Research Laboratory

    Old Wokingham Road
    Crowthorne RG11 6AU, Berkshire,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Codling, P J
  • Publication Date: 1971

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: 27 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00221726
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Highway Safety Literature
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Aug 3 1972 12:00AM