Lane-Change Maneuver Detection with Differential Global Positioning System Data from Probe Vehicle

The impact of lane-change maneuvers is fundamental to microscopic traffic flow theory. Due to the difficulty of tracking many vehicles over time and space, most of the published research in this area seeks to find lane-change maneuvers visually from wayside cameras. This paper presents a different approach, finding the lane-change maneuvers of a probe vehicle itself using differential global positioning system data. The authors first use multiple probe vehicle trajectories through a study corridor to establish a reference trajectory from the median of all trajectories, and this reference trajectory will be used to define the position of the current lane. This approach eliminates the need for high-resolution maps accurate enough to capture the exact position of the individual lanes. The lane-change maneuver detection is then divided into two parts, controlling for the impacts of mandatory lane-change maneuvers (MLC) and then for discretionary lane-change maneuvers (DLC). MLC are detected by comparing the difference between the mean and median of lateral distance of all trajectories relative to a reference trajectory. After distinguishing all the MLC, the DLC are found by setting lateral thresholds around the reference trajectory, i.e., when a given trajectory leaves this virtual lane. In the process the authors control for the impacts of GPS errors, such as multipath, arising from obstructions. DLC are then found by comparing the out-of-threshold-line time and length to a threshold acquired empirically from data.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Pagination: p 210
  • Monograph Title: 75 Years of the Fundamental Diagram for Traffic Flow Theory: Greenshields Symposium
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01349738
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Aug 15 2011 10:25AM