Evacuation and Mobilization of Senior Citizens in Emergency Situations … An Example of Microsimulation Visualisation

The objective of this paper is to describe how the use of state-of-the-art real-time interactive 3D virtual reality (VR) visualization technology, coupled with the latest microsimulation software, can enable transport and urban infrastructure planners, as well as emergency/security response professionals, to simulate a range of crisis scenarios leading to a more sophisticated and holistic approach to infrastructure development. Many advanced economies, particularly Asia and Western Europe, are now facing population aging. Pedestrian dynamics and circulation have shifted and of particular concern is safety and mobility in crisis situations. This paper uses as an example of a recent tunnel evacuation study by Japanese company Taisei Engineering that used leading edge 3D VR visualization technology UC-win/Road coupled with SMARTFIRE and the microsimulation software EXODUS to visualize and analyze the different reactions of two different groups of people fleeing a road tunnel fire. The analysis compares evacuation times for the two test groups: one with an average age of 40, and the second with an average age of 70. The analysis showed that 100% of the first group managed to escape the fire, whereas in the second older group, there was a survival rate of only 90.5%. The result of this study shows quite clearly how high quality 3D virtual reality simulation has the potential to serve as an extremely valuable tool in the ongoing development of safer and more secure transport evacuation infrastructure and better emergency signage.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Features: Bibliography; Figures; Photos;
  • Pagination: 20p
  • Monograph Title: European Transport Conference, 2009 Proceedings

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01349527
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 4 2011 11:13AM