Using Accelerator Pedal Force to Increase Seat Belt Use of Service Vehicle Drivers

In this study, the authors evaluated a device that applied a sustained increase in accelerator pedal back force whenever drivers exceed a preset speed level without buckling their seat belts. The force was removed from the accelerator pedal once the seat belt was fastened. The participants of the study were six (6) commercial drivers that operated carpet cleaning vans. During baseline, no contingency was in place for unbuckled trips. The accelerator pedal resistance was introduced via a multiple baseline design across groups. On the first day of treatment, the device was explained and demonstrated for all drivers of the vehicle. The treatment was associated with an immediate sustained increase in seat belt compliance to 100%. Drivers initially did not buckle their seat belt during a trip and encountered the back force. In all instances, drivers did buckle their seat belts after a few trials. These results suggest that the increased force was sufficient to cause drives to comply with seat belt usage. Drivers indicated that the device was impressive and that they would not drive unbelted for long with the pedal force in place.

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  • Authors:
    • Van Houten, Ron
    • Hilton, Bryan
    • Schulman, Richard
    • Reagan, Ian
  • Publication Date: 2011


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 41-49
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01345431
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 21 2011 2:05PM