Gender Analysis on Whiplash Seat Effectiveness: Result from Real-World Crashes

The objective of this paper was to study the effectiveness of whiplash protection concepts in cars due to gender and the effectiveness of various concepts based on real-world injury outcome. The influence on whiplash symptoms lasting longer than one month and those leading to permanent medical impairment was studied. On an average, the existing whiplash concepts were more effective for males than females. The risk reduction regarding permanent medical impairment was approximately 45% for females and approximately 60% for males.Reactive Head Restraint (RHR) in Saab, Volvo Whiplash Prevention System (WHIPS) and Toyota Whiplash Injury Lessening (WIL, all had approximately 50% lower risk of whiplash injuries leading to permanent medical impairment compared to cars with standard seats.

  • Corporate Authors:

    IRCOBI (International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury)

    25 Avenue Francois Mitterand
    Bron CEDEX,   France  69500
  • Authors:
    • Kullgren, Anders
    • Krafft, Maria
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 2010


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: CD-ROM
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 17-28
  • Monograph Title: IRCOBI (International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury) Conference 2010 - Proceedings

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01342523
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 22 2011 12:39PM