An evaluation of the narrowing gender gap in DUI arrests

Although males account for the vast majority of those convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol and/or other drugs (DUI), female DUI convictions have increased over the past two decades. In this study, the authors examined the ratio of males-to-females who were court-mandated between the years 1992 and 2008 to attend the Mississippi Alcohol Safety Education Program (MASEP), a DUI intervention program in Mississippi. The data for this study came from MASEP records; the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System; the Uniform Crime Reports; the Treatment Episode Data Set; the National Household Travel Survey; and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Augmented Dickey-Fuller tests were used to assess the nature (i.e., convergence, divergence, or stability) of this trend and to identify predictors. The results showed that, over the 17-year period, the gender gap in DUI convictions, self-reported history of prior arrest, official drug arrests, and substance abuse treatment admissions has narrowed considerably. Results from the autoregressive integrated moving average models show that three factors account for increases in the proportion of women mandated to attend MASEP: self-reported arrest prior to the DUI conviction, female admissions to substance abuse treatment, and annual miles driven. Changes in both women's behavior and law enforcement practices have increased female exposure to DUI arrests and narrowed the gender gap in DUI convictions.

Language

  • English

Media Info

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01342116
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Jun 2 2011 2:31PM