Mode Shift in Transit Under-served Neighborhoods in New York City Region

This research defines the concept of transit under-served areas (TUSA), and argues that with the right policies TUSA residents have a great potential to reduce car dependency and usage and switch to public transit. It focuses on one important but often overlooked policy—residential parking, in reshaping travel patterns in TUSA neighborhoods, using the New York City region as an example. Nine hundred households were randomly selected from a regional household travel survey in the New York City region. Their parking types were identified using streetscape images from Google and Bing, and the types of parking were connected with the travel behavior identified in the travel survey. It finds that residential parking could significantly affect not only household car ownership, but also choice of commuting mode, trip frequency, trip chaining, and total vehicle time. TUSA households with only on-street parking tend to have fewer cars, make fewer vehicle trips, and drive less overall vehicle time, comparing to households with a garage. However , when on-street parking becomes a viable alternative to off-street parking--free, convenient, and readily available, households tend to have more cars and use these cars more often. Based on the results, the research suggests that in order to discourage car use and encourage mode shift, government should limit the conversion of on-street parking to off-street parking through new curb cuts in TUSA neighborhoods with insufficient off-street parking. In TUSA neighborhoods with sufficient off-street parking, government policy should limit the provision and usage of on-street parking through better street design and/or permit fees.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This research was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Transportation, University Transportation Centers Program. Title given is from documentation page; Title on title page is "Residential Parking Policy and Household Travel Pattern in Transit Under-served Neighborhoods in the New York City Region."
  • Corporate Authors:

    New York University, New York

    Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service
    295 Lafayette Street
    New York, NY  United States  10012

    University Transportation Research Center

    City College of New York
    Marshak Hall, Suite 910, 160 Convent Avenue
    New York, NY  United States  10031

    Research and Innovative Technology Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Guo, Zhan
  • Publication Date: 2011-1-5


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Web
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 33p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01341790
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Report No. 49111-12-21
  • Files: UTC, NTL, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jun 2 2011 10:47AM