COST EFFECTIVENESS IN TRAFFIC SAFETY: FINAL REPORT

TO ACHIEVE SIGNIFICANT REDUCTIONS IN THE STAGGERING TOLL OF TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS, MAJOR COMMITMENTS OF RESOURCES AND EFFORT ARE REQUIRED. THE GRAVITY OF THE RESPONSIBILITY FOR ALLOCATING SUPPORT WISELY AMONG THE POSSIBLE SAFETY PROGRAMS DEMANDS THAT DECISIONS BE BASED UPON SYSTEMATIC CONSIDERATION OF THE RELEVANT EVIDENCE. SINCE THE BASIC PURPOSE OF COST EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS IS TO ASSIST DECISION-MAKERS IN THAT PROCESS, THE MOTIVATION FOR THIS STUDY HAS BEEN TO ASSESS THE FEASIBILITY OF APPLYING SUCH TREATMENT TO THE EVALUATION OF TRAFFIC SAFETY PROGRAMS. AS A FOUNDATION FOR THE ASSESSMENT, THIS REPORT REVIEWS THE PRINCIPLES AND THE METHODS OF COST/EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS IN THE FIELD OF TRAFFIC SAFETY. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT THE FORMAL ANALYTICAL METHODOLOGY IS ADEQUATE, BUT ITS APPLICATION IS SERIOUSLY LIMITED AT THIS TIME BY DEFICIENCIES IN THE SUBSTANTIVE INFORMATION AVAILABLE REGARDING THE EFFECTS OF TRAFFIC SAFETY PROGRAMS. MUCH CAN BE GAINED BY THE PROPER FORMULATION OF PROBLEMS, INCLUDING EXPLICIT DEFINITION OF OBJECTIVES, ALTERNATIVES, CONSTRAINTS, AND CRITERIA OF CHOICE, BUT GENERALLY THE FUNCTIONS TO BE OPTIMIZED ARE SO POORLY KNOWN AND UNDERSTOOD THAT ANALYTICAL TECHNOLOGY CANNOT BE EXERTED FULLY. ALSO INCLUDED IN THE REPORT ARE A SURVEY OF OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES, A PILOT STUDY EVALUATING REMEDIES FOR CROSS-MEDIAN COLLISIONS, A REVIEW OF THE ADEQUACY OF TRAFFIC SAFETY DATA IN VARIOUS PROGRAM CATEGORIES, AND A SET OF EXAMPLES DEALING WITH MEASUREMENT PROBLEMS. /AUTHOR/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • 167 Pp, 9 FIG, 14 TAB, 72 REF
  • Corporate Authors:

    Little (Arthur D), Incorporated

    Acorn Park
    Cambridge, MA  United States  02140
  • Publication Date: 1968

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00220875
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Nat Safety Council Safety Res Info Serv
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 26 1970 12:00AM