TYPE, DURATION, FREQUENCY, PURPOSE AND AIMS OF TRAFFIC PARTICIPATION OF CHILDREN AND JUVENILES

ART, DAUER, HAEUFIGKEIT, ZWECK UND ZIEL DER VERKEHRSBETEILIGUNG VON KINDERN UND JUGENDLICHEN

THE AIM WAS TO PROVIDE A COMPREHENSIVE DESCRIPTION OF THE TRAFFIC PARTICIPATION OF CHILDREN AND JUVENILES IN THE 3 TO 17 AGE GROUP. APPROXIMATELY 3000 CHILDREN AND JUVENILES WERE SELECTED IN THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY BY MEANS OF A MULTISTAGE SELECTION PROCESS, (SELECTION OF REGIONAL UNITS IN THE FIRST TWO STAGES AND QUOTA CONTROLLED SELECTION IN THE THIRD STAGE). THE PARTICIPANTS WERE SUBSEQUENTLY INTERVIEWED BY A COMBINED SURVEY METHOD COMPRISING A QUESTIONNAIRE AND DAILY MINUTES OF TRAFFIC SITUATIONS ABOUT THEIR PARTICIPATION IN TRAFFIC (TYPE, DURATION FREQUENCY, PURPOSE AND AIMS. SOCIAL, TEMPORAL AND REGIONAL CONDITIONS WERE TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION. THE SURVEY WAS CARRIED OUT IN THE FORM OF A "FOLLOW-UP-STUDY" (FOUR SURVEY SEQUENCES ON APPOINTED DAYS). CHILDREN AND JUVENILES REPRESENT A HIGHLY HETEROGENEOUS GROUP IN TERMS OF TRAFFIC PARTICIPATION. AGE, THE TYPE OF INSTITUTIONAL INTEGRATION (KINDERGARTEN SCHOOL, OCCUPATION) REGIONAL CONTEXT AND VARIOUS TIME FACTORS (TIME OF DAY, WEEK DAY, SEASON - SCHOOL TERM, HOLIDAYS) WERE DETERMINED AS SIGNIFICANT INFLUENCING FACTORS.