MAN AS A DRIVER OF MOTOR VEHICLES. CYBERNETIC BEHAVIOUR AND ITS SIMULATION

DER MENSCH ALS FAHRZEUGFUEHRER. KYBERNETISCHES VERHALTEN UND DESSEN SIMULATION.

MAN THE DRIVER, AS AN INHERENT PART OF THE TOTAL TRAFFIC SYSTEM, DECISIVELY DETERMINES TRAFFIC SAFETY IN TERMS OF THE QUALITY OF INFORMATION ASSIMILATION AND PROCESSING. THE OPTIMISATION OF COOPERATION BETWEEN MAN, THE MOTOR VEHICLE AND THE ENVIRONMENT IS A CYBERNETIC PROBLEM. IN ACCORDANCE WITH LITERARY EVIDENCE, COMPREHENSIVE MATHEMATICAL MODELS ARE AVAILABLE FOR THE SIMULATION OF MOTOR VEHICLES. THE REGULATING FACTOR OF HUMAN BEHAVIOUR IS ONLY ADEQUATELY DOCUMENTED IN A NUMBER OF SPECIAL CASES. THE FUNCTION OF HUMAN BEINGS AS DRIVERS OF MOTOR VEHICLES CAN BE DESCRIBED WITH THE AID OF LINEAR CONTINUOUS MATHEMATICAL MODELS AIMED AT SETTING SPECIAL PROBLEMS (E.G. COURSE REGULATION IN THE CASE OF UNEVENLY ADJUSTED BRAKES). FOR A COMPREHENSIVE DESCRIPTION OF NORMAL HUMAN BEHAVIOUR, THE USE OF A NON-LINEAR INVESTIGATORY MODEL, AS USED IN THE FIELD OF AIR TRAVEL TECHNOLOGY IS OF ADVANTAGE. UP TO NOW, THIS TYPE OF MODEL HAS NOT BEEN APPLIED TO THE AREA "MAN AS DRIVER". TRAFFIC SIMULATORS ARE NECESSARY FOR THE EXAMINATION OF THE BEHAVIOUR OF MAN AS A DRIVER. THE PRESENT STUDY EXAMINED THE SPECIFICATIONS AND STATE OF DEVELOPMENT OF TRAFFIC SIMULATORS, CONSIDERED THE COMPONENTS NECESSARY FOR A TRAFFIC SIMULATOR AND INTRODUCED A CONCEPT FOR A UNIVERSALLY APPLICABLE SIMULATOR.