THE EFFECT OF SMOKING ON DRIVER BEHAVIOUR AND SAFETY

DER EINFLUSS DES RAUCHENS AUF DAS FAHRVERHALTEN UND DIE VERKEHRSSICHERHEIT

ACTIVITIES NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF THE VEHICLE MAY LEAD TO ADDITIONAL STRESS ON DRIVERS. THE EFFECT OF VARIOUS MANIPULATIVE ACTIVITIES IS TO BE ANALYSED. THE STUDY IS DIVIDED INTO TWO PARTS. BY LOOKING AT A NUMBER OF DRIVERS THE EXTENT AND SIGNIFICANCE OF EXTRA ACTIVITIES IS TO BE ESTIMATED. COMPENSATING MECHANISMS WHICH MAY LEAD TO A REDUCTION IN THE STRESS CAUSED BY THE EXTRA ACTIVITIES ARE TO BE DETERMINED. DRIVING SIMULATOR EXPERIMENTS ARE TO BE CARRIED OUT UNDER SYSTEMATICALLY VARIED CONDITIONS TO DETERMINE THE ACTUAL INFLUENCE OF ACTIVITIES SUCH AS SMOKING, EATING AND OPERATION OF A CASETTE RECORDER ON VEHICLE PARAMETERS (SPEED AND POSITION), ON THE OPERATION OF STEERING WHEEL, ACCELERATOR AND BRAKE, AND ON PHYSIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS.