ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND ACCIDENT PREVENTION

UNFALL-UNTERSUCHUNG UND UNFALL-VERHUETUNG

DUE TO CHANGES IN LEGISLATION IN AUSTRIA, THE JUDGE HAS AN OPPORTUNITY OF ADJUSTING PROCEDURE IN MINOR OFFENCE CASES. THE OFFENDER'S PERSONALITY AND ATTITUDE ARE COORDINATED WITH THE TYPE OF NEGLIGENCE LIABILITY IN QUESTION. THESE FEATURES ARE NOT TO BE TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION IN CASES AGAINST TRAFFIC DELINQUENTS. UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES, INFORMATION PERTAINING TO THE TYPE OF BEHAVIOUR OF CONVICTED TRAFFIC OFFENDERS MAY BE MADE AVAILABLE FROM THE CONVICTION REGISTER OR FROM MEDICAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL EXAMINATIONS. THE ASSESSMENT OF EVIDENCE PRESUPPOSES MUCH EXPERIENCE ON THE PART OF THE PRESIDING JUDGE. THE MOST CONVENIENT METHOD OF ESTABLISHING FACTS IS THE INTERROGATION OF THOSE INVOLVED AT THE SCENE OF THE ACCIDENT. ACCIDENT ASSIMILATION HAS PARTICULAR SIGNIFICANCE IN THE INITIAL EXPLANATION OF TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS. PHOTOGRAMMETRY HAS BEEN OF GREAT ASSISTANCE IN THIS INSTANCE. IN THE CASE OF ACCIDENTS INVOLVING PEDESTRIANS, EXPLANATION CAN BE GREATLY FACILITATED BY A SKETCH OF THE SITUATION. THE FORCE OF IMPACT OF VEHICLES INVOLVED IN A COLLISION MAY BE ASSESSED BY EXAMINING THE EXTENT OF DAMAGE. INJURY PICTURES OF PASSENGERS INVOLVED IN ACCIDENTS AND WEARING SAFETY BELTS, SHOW THAT THE SAFETY BELT AFFORDS ADEQUATE PROTECTION. GOOD STEERING BEHAVIOUR ALSO CONTRIBUTES TO THE SAFETY OF A MOTOR VEHICLE. ROAD SECTIONS WHICH REQUIRE FREQUENT CORNERING ARE BETTER NEGOTIATED WITH DIRECT STEERING TRANSMISSION. INDIRECT STEERING PROVES TO BE THE MOST SUITABLE FOR STRAIGHT ROAD SECTIONS AND SPEED INCREASES. WHENEVER A THOROUGHFARE SHOWS A HIGH ACCIDENT RATE, THOROUGH EXAMINATIONS ARE CARRIED OUT IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE TRAFFIC MONITORING SYSTEM. IN THIS INSTANCE, THE COLLISION DIAGRAM METHOD HAS PROVED SUCCESSFUL.

Language

  • German

Media Info

  • Pagination: 343-5
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01304460
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (BASt)
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Nov 21 2010 9:56AM