SMOKING, AN IMPAIRMENT TO ROAD SAFETY

UEBER DIE BEEINTRAECHTIGUNG DER VERKEHRSSICHERHEIT DURCH RAUCHEN

SMOKING CAN CAUSE ROAD SAFETY IMPAIRMENT IN TWO WAYS. FIRSTLY IT CAN DISTRACT AND HINDER THE DRIVER MANUALLY AND SECONDLY THE TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTAINED IN CIGARETTES CAN IMPAIR DRIVING PERFORMANCE. A DRIVER WHO USES ONE HAND TO HOLD A CIGARETTE HAS INSUFFICIENT CONTROL OF HIS VEHICLE TO REACT EFFECTIVELY IN SUDDEN EMERGENCIES. IN ADDITION TO NICOTIN, TOBACCO CONTAINS CARBON MONOXIDE, AT LEAST TWENTY CARCINOGENOUS SUBSTANCES, PRUSSIC ACID, ARSENIC, KABIUM, NITRIC OXIDE AND OTHER SUBSTANCES INJURIOUS TO HEALTH. NICOTINE CAN DAMAGE THE OPTIC NERVES. THE TOXIC EFFECT OF CARBON MONOXIDE OCCURS BY ITS CAUSING THE AGGLUTINATION RATE OF HAEMOGLOBIN (RED COLOURING) IN THE BLOOD TO BE 210 TIMES GREATER THAN WHEN PURE AIR IS BREATHED. THE HAEMOGLOBIN BECOMES BLOCKED AND CANNOT ASSIMILATE MORE OXYGEN. CIGARETTE SMOKE PLAYS AN IMPORTANT ROLE AS A CARBON MONOXIDE SOURCE OF ABILITY IMPAIRMENT. WITHOUT AIR-CONDITIONING OR VENTILATION OF SOME KIND, 10 CIGARETTES CAN RENDER A DRIVER WHOLLY INCAPABLE OF TAKING QUICK ACTION. AT PRESENT, DUE TO INSUFFICIENT STATISTICAL EVIDENCE, THE QUESTION AS TO WHAT EXTENT ACCIDENT OCCURRENCE MAY BE LINKED WITH SMOKING MUST REMAIN OPEN.

  • Authors:
    • -
  • Publication Date: 1975-3

Language

  • German

Media Info

  • Pagination: 8-12
  • Serial:
    • TUEV-INFORMATIONEN
    • Issue Number: 1
    • Publisher: TECHNISCHER UEBERWACHUNGS-VEREIN RHEINLAND E.V., MEDIZINISCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHES INSTITUT

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01304459
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (BASt)
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Nov 21 2010 9:56AM