DYNAMIC TRIALS WITH DUMMIES AND HUMAN BODIES IN AN INVESTIGATION INTO INJURY POSSIBILITIES OF BELTED CAR OCCUPANTS DURING FRONTAL COLLISIONS

DYNAMISCHE VERSUCHE MIT VERSUCHSPUPPEN UND MENSCHLICHEN LEICHEN ZUR UNTERSUCHUNG DER VERLETZUNGSMOEGLICHKEITEN GURTGESCHUETZTER FAHRZEUGINSASSEN WAEHREND EINER FRONTALKOLLISION

AT THE PRESENT TIME IT IS NOT KNOWN FOR CERTAIN HOW FAR MEASURED VALUES FOR DUMMIES REPRESENT THE LIKELY, ACTUAL MEDICAL INJURIES TO THE HUMAN BODY: IN THE CASE OF A DUMMY THE COMPLICATED MOVEMENT BEHAVIOUR DURING A COLLISION CANNOT BE SIMULATED WITH CERTAINTY, BECAUSE ABOVE ALL THE KINEMATICS OF HEAD MOVEMENT IS INSUFFICIENTLY DESCRIBED AND THE SIMULATION OF VASCULAR AND ORGAN INJURY IS IMPOSSIBLE. IN THE WORK CARRIED OUT BY THE INSTITUTE OF LEGAL MEDICINE AT HEIDELBERG UNIVERSITY, TRIALS WERE MADE USING HUMAN CORPSES (13 DYNAMIC TESTS AT A SPEED OF 50 KM PER HOUR AND AN AVERAGE CARRIAGE DECELERATION OF 25 G). THIS IS FOLLOWED BY FUNDAMENTAL EXPLANATIONS OF THE DECLARED FORCES OF THE DYNAMIC TESTS ON CORPSES. FINALLY DESCRIPTIONS ARE PROVIDED OF THE TEST METHODS, THE TYPICAL INJURY POSSIBILITIES AND THE RESULTS OF THE BODY TESTS. THESE SHOW THAT THERE IS A RELATION BETWEEN THE SEVERITY OF THE INJURY, THE CHANCE OF SURVIVAL AND THE SEVERITY OF CHEST INJURY AND THE AGE OF THE BODY WEARING A SEAT BELT.

  • Authors:
    • SCHMIDT, G
    • KALIERIS, D
  • Publication Date: 1975-3

Language

  • German

Media Info

  • Pagination: 40-8
  • Serial:
    • Verkehrsunfall
    • Volume: 13
    • Issue Number: 3
    • Publisher: Information Verlag

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01304371
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (BASt)
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Nov 21 2010 9:53AM