ANALYSIS OF INJURY MECHANICS IN THE CASE OF ACCIDENTS TO CHILD PEDESTRIANS BY INVESTIGATIONS AT THE SITE OF THE ACCIDENT

ANALYSE DER VERLETZUNGSMECHANIK BEI KINDERFUSSGAENGERUNFAELLEN DURCH UNFALLFORSCHUNG AM UNFALLORT

THE PAPER IS BASED ON THE ANALYSIS OF 72 PEDESTRIAN ACCIDENTS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE INVOLVEMENT OF CHILDREN. IN 50% OF THE CASES THE SPEED OF IMPACT OF THE VEHICLE WAS LESS THAN 33 KM/H. ON THE BASIS OF THE SAME VEHICLE CONTOUR AND COLLISION SPEED THE INJURIES TO CHILDREN WERE MORE SERIOUS THAN THOSE OF ADULTS. THE PRIMARY COLLISION (AND BODY SHAPE) ON THE AVERAGE CAUSES MORE SERIOUS INJURIES, WHILE FOR SECONDARY COLLISION A SLIGHT INCREASE IN SEVERITY OF THE INJURIES WITH COLLISION SPEED WAS OBSERVED. THE PERCENTAGE FREQUENCY OF TYPES OF INJURY TO VARIOUS PARTS OF THE BODY ARE TABULATED WITH REFERENCE TO AGE AND TYPE OF COLLISION. SPECIAL SIGNIFICANCE IS ATTACHED TO THE DESIGN OF THE BUMPER AS THE MOST FREQUENT CAUSE OF INJURY. THE REQUIREMENT IS FORMULATED THAT THE OPTIMUM HEIGHT OF BUMPER SHOULD AVERAGE 31 CM AND THAT THE MEAN VARIATION SHOULD NOT EXCEED 10,2 CM.

Language

  • German

Media Info

  • Pagination: 391-2
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01300237
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (BASt)
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Nov 21 2010 7:45AM