PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF THE GENERAL SPEED LIMIT (3RD REPORT). PART A: ANALYSIS OF ACCIDENT DEVELOPMENT AND PRESS ATTITUDES. PART B: SAFETY BELTS - ATTITUDES AND USE

PSYCHOLOGISCHE AUSWIRKUNGEN GENERELLER TEMPOLIMITS (3. BERICHT). TEIL A: ANALYSE DER UNFALLENTWICKLUNG UND DER PRESSESTIMMEN. TEIL B: SICHERHEITSGURTE: EINSTELLUNG UND ANLEGEVERHALTEN.

RESULTS FOR THE FIRST FOUR MONTHS FOLLOWING THE INTRODUCTION OF THE GENERAL SPEED LIMIT CONFIRM ITS CONSIDERABLE INFLUENCE ON ACCIDENT INCIDENCE. THE DECLINE IN ACCIDENT INCIDENCE IS MORE MARKED IN RURAL THAN IN URBAN AREAS AND PROVES TO BE MOST SIGNIFICANT FOR THE PRIVATE MOTORIST GROUP. THIS POSITIVE INFLUENCE IS ONLY VALID FOR ACCIDENT TYPES WHICH ARE MARKEDLY SPEED-RELATED. THE REDUCTION IN ACCIDENT RATES AND ACCIDENT SEVERITY FORECAST IN TWO THIRDS OF INTERVIEWS CONDUCTED HAS ACTUALLY TAKEN PLACE, EVEN ON MOTORWAYS. THE NEGATIVE EXPECTATIONS OF DRIVERS REGARDING AN INCREASE IN REAR END COLLISIONS WERE ONLY BORNE OUT IN THE CASE OF MOTORWAYS. THE TONE OF THE REPORT HAS UNDERGONE A GRADUAL AND SIGNIFICANT CHANGE IN RELATION TO THE EFFECTS OF THE SPEED LIMIT ON RURAL ROADS. HERE THE OPPOSITION OF THE PRESS IS FOUND TO BE STRONGER WHEREVER THE "CAR THEME" IS MOST IMPORTANT TO THE POLICY OF INDIVIDUAL NEWSPAPERS. THE ATTITUDES AND SAFETY BELT USE OF A GROUP OF DRIVERS SELECTED AT RANDOM WERE EXAMINED IN A STUDY CONDUCTED IN AUSTRIA. RESULTS WERE AS FOLLOWS: (1) 53% OF DRIVERS HAD NOT INSTALLED SAFETY BELTS IN THEIR CARS; (2) 33% HAD INSTALLED SAFETY BELTS BUT HAD NEVER USED THEM; (3) 14% HAD IN FACT USED THEIR SAFETY BELTS. THE QUOTAS GIVEN FOR SAFETY BELT USE WERE 3 TO 6 TIMES HIGHER THAN ACTUALLY REGISTERED. IN GENERAL NO REAL DOUBT WAS EXPRESSED AS TO THE PROTECTIVE FUNCTION OF THE SAFETY BELT. THE MAJORITY OF PERSONS REGARD THE USE OF SAFETY BELTS AS AN EXPRESSION OF THEIR OWN AWARENESS OF THE DANGERS PRESENT IN ROAD TRAFFIC.

Language

  • German

Media Info

  • Pagination: 270-2
  • Monograph Title: VORSTUDIE UEBER UNFAELLE AN AUTOBAHNZUFAHRTEN, VERKEHRSTECHNISCHER TEIL
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01300191
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (BASt)
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Nov 21 2010 7:44AM