ACCIDENT RATE ON FEDERAL GERMAN SECTIONS OF MOTORWAY IN MOUNTAINOUS COUNTRY

UNFALLHAEUFIGKEIT AUF BAB-STRECKEN IM GEBIRGIGEN GELAENDE

THE OBJECT WAS TO CHECK, BY TAKING A RANDOM SAMPLE OF SECTIONS OF FEDERAL GERMAN MOTORWAY AMOUNTING TO ABOUT A THIRD OF THE WHOLE NETWORK, WHETHER ACCIDENTS ON SECTIONS IN MOUNTAINOUS AREAS OCCUR MORE FREQUENTLY THAN ACCIDENTS ON LEVEL SECTIONS, AND WHETHER THE CONDITION OF THE CARRIAGEWAY AS AFFECTED BY THE WEATHER PLAYS A PART. ON AVERAGE MOUNTAINOUS SECTIONS HAVE HIGHER ACCIDENT RATES THAN FLAT SECTIONS. THE RISK ON OLD MOTORWAY SECTIONS IN MOUNTAINOUS TERRAIN IS ABOUT 56 PERCENT HIGHER AND ON NEW SECTIONS ABOUT 10 PERCENT HIGHER THAN ON COMPARABLE SECTIONS ON LEVEL TERRAIN. ACCIDENTS ON ROADS MADE SMOOTH BY WINTER CONDITIONS OCCUR MORE FREQUENTLY ON MOUNTAINOUS SECTIONS, THE INCREASE BEING REFLECTED MAINLY IN MATERIAL DAMAGE RATHER THAN PERSONAL INJURY ACCIDENTS.