NATIONAL PARKWAYS

AS DEFINED BY THE NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, A NATIONAL PARKWAY IS A FEDERALLY OWNED, ELONGATED PARK FEATURING A ROAD DESIGNED FOR PLEASURE TRAVEL, AND EMBRACING SCENIC, RECREATIONAL OR HISTORIC FEATURES OF NATIONAL SIGNIFICANCE. ACCESS FROM ADJOINING PROPERTIES IS LIMITED AND COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC IS NOT PERMITTED. A NATIONAL PARKWAY HAS SUFFICIENT MERIT AND CHARACTER TO MAKE IT A NATIONAL ATTRACTION AND NOT MERELY A MEANS OF TRAVEL FROM ONE REGION TO ANOTHER. A NATIONAL PARKWAY CAN BE ESTABLISHED ONLY BY AN ACT OF CONGRESS. UNDER MISSION 66, THE NATIONAL PARK SERVICE'S 10-YR PROGRAM WHICH HAS AS ITS TARGET THE COMPLETION BY 1966 OF DEVELOPMENT AND STAFFING OF THE 183 PARKS, PARKWAYS, AND OTHER UNITS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM, THERE ARE TEN NATIONAL PARKWAY PROJECTS TOTALING 1,138 MI IN VARIOUS STAGES OF COMPLETION IN A PROGRAM TOTALING ABOUT $331,800,000 INCLUDING FUNDS APPROPRIATED PRIOR TO MISSION 66. IN SETTING THE PARKWAY RIGHT-OF-WAY BOUNDARIES THE LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT STRIVES TO BE ANOTHER THURSTON, A MAGICIAN WHO CREATES AN ILLUSION, IF POSSIBLE, THAT THE HORIZON IS THE ONLY VISIBLE BOUNDARY. THIS IS ACCOMPLISHED IN THE FOLLOWING MANNER: (A) IN MOUNTAINOUS OR HILLY COUNTRY BY SETTING THE FEE SIMPLE OR SCENIC EASEMENT LINE JUST OVER THE NEAREST RIDGE OR MILITARY CREST; (B) IN WOODED COUNTRY BY INCLUDING SUFFICIENT WIDTH TO ALLOW "SEEING INTO" THE FOREST FLOOR OCCASSIONALLY. VIEWS SUCH AS THIS STIMULATE INTEREST IN FOLLOWING SHORT SELF-GUIDING NATURE OR SCENIC TRAILS; (C) IN AGRICULTURAL COUNTRY BY BRINGING THE CROP RIGHT UP TO THE ROAD ON PARKWAY LANDS LEASED BACK TO THE ADJOINING OWNER. SUCH COLORFUL SCENES, VARYING FROM SEASON TO SEASON, DISPLAY THE FRUITS AND USES OF THE LAND WITH NO COST TO THE GOVERNMENT FOR MAINTENANCE. THE ROADSIDE DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES OF THE PARK SERVICE EMBRACE SUCH FEATURES AS CONSERVATION OF ORCHARDS, MEADOWS, HAYING LAND, PASTURELAND, AND FENCING; PROVISION OF VISTAS THAT ENHANCE APPEARANCE BOTH FROM THE ROAD AND FROM THE SURROUNDING COUNTRY; IMAGINATIVE DESIGN OF ROCK CUTS AND SLOPES; USE OF STONEPORTALLED TUNNELS WHERE CUTS WOULD RESULT IN VISUAL DAMAGE; DISPLAY OF UNUSUAL FLORAL AND PETROGRAPHIC SPECIMENS; RESTORATION OF WATER FEATURES SUCH AS MILLS AND SMALL PONDS; AND OTHER MEASURES TO CREATE THE IMPRESSION OF A NATURAL SETTING. /AUTHOR/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • No 928, pp 61-68, 11 FIG
  • Corporate Authors:

    Reports

    ,    
  • Authors:
    • Bayliss, D C
  • Publication Date: 1961

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00205138
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 29 1971 12:00AM