CARDINAL PRINCIPLES IN LOCATION AND DESIGN OF COMMERCIAL AIRPORTS AND THEIR APPLICATION TO THE WASHINGTON AIRPORT

THE DESIGN OF AN AIRPORT IS A COMPLEX PROBLEM. OTHER FORMS OF TRANSPORT CAN STOP ON THEIR TRAFFIC WAYS BUT AIRCRAFT MUST FIRST BE TRANSFERRED TO LANDWAYS AND IN THE TRANSITION CHANGES FROM AN ATMOSPHERIC BODY TO A MOTOR VEHICLE. A MASTER SCHEME FOR ULTIMATE DEVELOPMENT FUNCTIONALLY AND STRUCTURALLY COMPLETE AT ALL STAGES IS ESSENTIAL TO PREVENT WASTE, LOSS, OBSOLESCENCE, RECONSTRUCTION AND FUTURE DISTURBANCE OF OPERATIONS. THIS DEMANDS THE COOPERATIVE COLLABORATION OF CITY PLANNER, AIRPORT ENGINEER, HIGHWAY ENGINEER, ARCHITECT AND LANDUSE SPECIALIST. THE FUTURE INCREASE IN TRAFFIC AND THE CONTRIBUTION TO THE EFFICIENCY AND ECONOMY OF AN AIR TRANSPORT SYSTEM WILL DEPEND UPON PROMPT, RAPID, AND CONVENIENT SURFACE TRANSPORT TO THE AIRPORT FROM THE CENTER OF THE POPULATION SERVED AND UPON ITS CONNECTIONS TO REGIONAL SUBWAY AND SURFACE TRANSPORT LINES. TO MAINTAIN THE ADVANTAGE OF AIR SPEED, TRAVEL TIME CONSUMED ON THE GROUND, IN SURFACE TRANSPORT CONNECTIONS, GROUND MOVEMENT OF AIRCRAFT, AND DISPATCHING PASSENGERS AND GOODS MUST BE MINIMIZED. THE SIZE OF THE LANDING AREA IS DETERMINED BY THE ARRANGEMENT AND LENGTH OF THE RUNWAYS, WHICH MUST SAFELY SERVE OPERATING AIRCRAFT. THEIR ULTIMATE DIMENSIONS FOR MAJOR AIRPORTS WILL BE DETERMINED BY THE REQUIREMENTS FOR FUTURE BLIND LANDING. RUNWAY SCHEMES ARE NOT FIXED BUT SHOULD BE ARRANGED TO TAKE FULL ADVANTAGE OF LOCATION SURROUNDINGS. THE LOCATION OF THE BUILDING PLOT IS VERY IMPORTANT. THE BEST SITE IS IN A WEDGE-SHAPED SECTOR PROJECTED INTO THE LANDING FIELD FROM THE LEAST-USED FLIGHT ZONE. THIS MINIMIZES HAZARDS AND REDUCES TIME AND TRAVEL BETWEEN RUNWAYS AND BUILDING. THE APPLICATION OF THE PRINCIPLES OF SOIL SCIENCE PLAYS AN EVEN GREATER ROLE IN AIRPORT CONSTRUCTION THAN IN HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION. DIFFERENT GOVERNMENT AGENCIES HAVE DEVOTED CONSIDERABLE STUDY TO THE PROBLEM OF PROVIDING A MODERN AIRPORT FOR THE NATION'S CAPITAL. THE AIRPORT IS NOT A MODEL AIRPORT BUT IT IS HOPED IT WILL SERVE AS AN EXAMPLE OF THE UTILIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE NATURAL ADVANTAGES OF A PARTICULAR SITE. /AUTHOR/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Vol 20, pp 455 - 480, 12 FIG
  • Authors:
    • Houk, H H
  • Publication Date: 1941

Media Info

  • Monograph Title: Proceedings of the Twentieth Annual Meeting of the Highway Research Board Held at Washington, D.C. December 3-6, 1940
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00203541
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Sep 6 1971 12:00AM