DENSITY AND MOISTURE CONTENT MEASUREMENTS BY NUCLEAR METHODS

SOURCES OF ERROR THAT HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED ON THE GAMMA- RAY SOIL DENSITY GAUGE ARE: (1) SENSITIVITY TO LOCAL DENSITY VARIATIONS, ESPECIALLY AT THE SOIL SURFACE, (2) SENSITIVITY TO SOIL COMPOSITION, AND (3) INACCURATE CALIBRATION TECHNIQUES. AN ATTEMPT WAS MADE TO SOLVE THESE PROBLEMS BY DEVELOPING FOR EACH GAUGE CALIBRATION MODELS THAT ENABLE STABLE AND HOMOGENOUS NON-SOIL STANDARDS TO BE USED FOR CALIBRATION. CALIBRATION STANDARDS AND CALIBRATION MODELS FOR EACH GAUGE WERE FOUND AND TESTED. IN THE PROCESS OF DEVELOPING AND TESTING THE NEW NUCLEAR GAUGE CALIBRATION MODEL, THE DUAL-GAUGE PRINCIPAL OF COMPENSATING THESE GAUGES FOR VARIATIONS IN SOIL COMPOSITION WAS DISCOVERED. THE AIR- GAP METHOD OF USING THIS PRINCIPAL IS EXPLAINED AND WAS OPTIMIZED BY USING THE CALIBRATION MODEL DEVELOPED IN THE CURRENT STUDY. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT THIS CALIBRATION METHOD SHOULD BE USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE AIR-GAP METHOD FOR ROUTINE FIELD USE OF THE EXISTING COMMERCIAL NUCLEAR DENSITY GAUGES. THE CALIBRATION METHOD DESCRIBED SHOULD BE USED TO CALCULATE A SINGLE CALIBRATION CURVE FOR AVERAGE SOIL FOR ROUTINE FIELD USE OF THE EXISTING COMMERCIAL MOISTURE CONTENT GAUGES. THE CALIBRATION METHOD FOR EACH GAUGE IS EXPLAINED.

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    • Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. No 43, 38 PP, 14 FIG, 23 TAB, 9 REF , 3 APP
  • Authors:
    • Gardner, R P
    • Roberts, K F
  • Publication Date: 1967

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Serial:
    • NCHRP Report
    • Issue Number: 43
    • Publisher: Transportation Research Board
    • ISSN: 0077-5614
  • Publication flags:

    Open Access (libre)

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00214801
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: May 1 1994 12:00AM