FREEZE AND THAW DURABILITY OF AIR-ENTRAINED CONCRETE USING INDIANA AGGREGATES

THE PURPOSE WAS TO DETERMINE THE EFFECT OF AIR-ENTRAINMENT ON THE DURABILITY CHARACTERISTICS OF CONCRETE MADE WITH CERTAIN AGGREGATES WHICH WERE CHOSEN FOR THEIR ABSORPTIVE AND PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS AS BEING FAIRLY REPRESENTATIVE OF THOSE AVAILABLE IN INDIANA. EACH OF THE SEVEN AGGREGATES WAS DIVIDED INTO TWO GROUPS. ONE GROUP WAS VACUUM-SATURATED AND THE OTHER WAS SUBJECTED TO 24-HR. IMMERSION BEFORE MIXING. THE AIR CONTENT FROM BATCH TO BATCH FOR EACH AGGREGATE WAS VARIED BY INCREMENTS OF APPROXIMATELY 1 PERCENT. SEVENTY-FIVE BATCHES WERE MIXED WITH AIR CONTENTS RANGING FROM 0.1 TO 10.9 PERCENT AS DETERMINED BY THE PRESSURE METHOD. THREE 3- BY 4- BY 16-IN. BEAMS FROM EACH BATCH WERE SUBJECTED TO FREEZE AND THAW TESTS. TWO OF THE THREE BEAMS WERE CURED 28 DAYS IN WATER WHILE THE THIRD WAS CURED 14 DAYS IN WATER FOLLOWED BY 14 DAYS DRY CURING WITH ONE 4-IN. SIDE IN DAMP SAND. THE DRY-CURED BEAM FROM EACH BATCH LOST FROM 60 TO 250 G. WEIGHT DEPENDING UPON THE ABSORPTION OF THE COARSE AGGREGATE USED AND THE PERCENTAGE AIR ENTRAINED IN THE MIX. THIS LOSS IN WEIGHT WAS ASSUMED TO BE THE RESULT OF THE EVAPORATION OF FREE WATER. THE LABORATORY DURABILITY OF THE DRY-CURED BEAM, MADE WITH AGGREGATES WITH POOR PERFORMANCE RECORDS, WAS IMPROVED SEVERAL HUNDRED PERCENT IN COMPARISON WITH THE TWO COMPANION BEAMS CURED IN WATER. A SATURATION COEFFICIENT HAS BEEN DEVISED TO EVALUATE THIS MARKED INCREASE IN RESISTANCE TO FREEZE AHD THAW TESTING. /AUTHOR/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Vol 28, pp 171-194, 12 FIG, 7 TAB, 42 REF
  • Authors:
    • Blackburn, J B
    • SWEET, H S
  • Publication Date: 1949

Media Info

  • Monograph Title: Proceedings of the Twenty-Eighth Annual Meeting of the Highway Research Board Held at Washington, D.C. December 7-10, 1948
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00213936
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Oct 3 1971 12:00AM