Estimating External Costs of Air Pollution from Maritime Transport: Venice Port Case Study

In the last years public concerns regarding the environmental impacts of maritime transport have been increasing. This is due to the fact that, despite the better environmental performance of this mode of transport with respect to other modes, its overall impacts will be out weighted by the expected increase in the volume of ship movements. Besides the increasing awareness of the need for policy interventions in this sector, a comprehensive framework for the assessment of external costs is still lacking. This paper aims at filling this gap, by reviewing the existing literature and sketching the state of the art concerning the main methodological aspects to evaluate external costs of air pollution from maritime transport (namely, estimation of emissions caused by maritime activities; quantification of impacts and their monetization). The strengths and limitations of existing approaches are described to estimate maritime air pollution activities. Two methodologies are selected and tested through a case study, by estimating the external costs of health impacts from PM10 and PM2.5 caused by maritime activities in Venice port. The results show that, despite a high variability in external cost estimates, further research is needed to estimate site specific case external costs.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: DVD
  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 15p
  • Monograph Title: TRB 89th Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers DVD

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01154282
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 10-1498
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Jan 25 2010 10:40AM