New Concepts and Organisations for the Last Mile: French Experiments and Their Results

Since the beginning of the 1990’s one can observe a new and growing interest in urban freight in all Western countries. European cities increasingly face traffic congestion, air pollution and greenhouse effects. In France, this interest was supported mostly through a comprehensive National Research Program implemented by the Ministry of Transport called “TMV” (Urban Freight Movement) in 1994. This program provided quantitative and qualitative knowledge about the flows of goods necessary to city life. It allowed quantification of the number of vehicles involved in the deliveries, the distance of trips, their loading rate and road occupancy rate (space-time) linked to the goods movement. Besides, an environmental result has been realized. Thanks to a better knowledge of the functioning of urban logistics, cities began many experiments in order to: (1) find better urban freight transport practice for the various actors involved in its operation, and (2) explore innovative solutions for a better sustainability in urban areas (new commercial organizations, logistics changes, IT (Information Technology), and so on. This paper presents different experiments according to a typology of actions. It shows together the aims pursued, the means by which the experiments were set up, the functioning and the results with regards to the economical, social ad environmental effects.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 361-374
  • Monograph Title: Recent Advances in City Logistics

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01029895
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0080447996
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 26 2006 1:38PM