HOW MUCH DO YOU LOSE WHEN YOUR ROAD GOES ON A DIET?
Transportation engineers and planners may implement road diets with the objective of reducing vehicle speeds and motor-vehicle crashes and injuries. Typical road diets consist of converting four-lane undivided roads into three lanes (two through lanes plus a center turn lane) with the remaining space used for bicycle lanes, sidewalks, and /or on-street parking. This study investigated the actual effects of road diets on motor-vehicle crashes and injuries using data from cities in California and Washington state. A before and after analysis using a "yoked comparison" study design of the road diet and comparison sites indicated that the percent of crashes at the road diet sites during the "after" period was slightly lower than at the comparison sites. Further analysis using a negative binomial model controlling for possible changes in average daily traffic, study period, and other factors indicated no significant treatment effect. Crash severity was virtually the same at road diet and comparison sites. However, there were differences in crash type distributions between road diet and comparison sites but not between "before" and "after" periods. Implementation of a road diet should be made on a case-by-case basis where traffic flow, vehicle capacity, and safety are all considered. Also, the effects of road diets should be evaluated further under a variety of traffic and roadway conditions.
- The symposium proceedings are available on CD-ROM.
Washington, DC United States 20001
- Huang, H F
- Stewart, J R
- Zegeer, C V
- Tan Esse, C H
- 2nd Urban Street Symposium: Uptown, Downtown, or Small Town: Designing Urban Streets That Work
- Location: Anaheim, California , United States
- Date: 2003-7-28 to 2003-7-30
- Publication Date: 2003-7
- Media Type: CD-ROM
- Features: Figures; References; Tables;
- Pagination: 20p
- Monograph Title: 2ND URBAN STREET SYMPOSIUM: UPTOWN, DOWNTOWN, OR SMALL TOWN: DESIGNING URBAN STREETS THAT WORK, JULY 28-30, 2003, ANAHEIM, CALIFORNIA
- TRT Terms: Before and after studies; Crash severity; Crash types; Four lane highways; Impact studies; Three lane highways; Traffic crashes
- Uncontrolled Terms: Road diets
- Geographic Terms: California; Washington (State)
- Subject Areas: Design; Highways; Planning and Forecasting; Safety and Human Factors; I21: Planning of Transport Infrastructure; I81: Accident Statistics;
- Accession Number: 00989178
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS, TRB
- Created Date: Apr 8 2005 12:00AM