This research synthesis is designed to summarize bicycle safety-related research and applied research since 1981 in the United States. The report has been developed for the benefit of researchers and practitioners in the field. The report updates an earlier synthesis prepared for the Federal Highway Administration in 1981. The report reviews research into current levels of bicycle use, potential levels of use, and the benefits bicycling can bring to society; identifies the scale and nature of crashes related to bicycle use; discusses engineering countermeasures that have been tested to prevent crashes; brings readers up-to-date with current practices related to bicycle facility selection and design; highlights surface irregularities that endanger bicyclists as well as countermeasures to correct them; introduces readers to traffic-calming techniques; reviews bicyclists' equipment safety and helmet use; and reviews education programs and enforcement programs to improve safety. Conclusions on the current state of knowledge in this field are offered and, where possible, references to current practices have been included.

  • Corporate Authors:

    University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

    Highway Safety Research Center
    Chapel Hill, NC  United States  27599

    Bicycle Federation of America

    1506 21st Street, NW, Suite 200
    Washington, DC  United States  20036

    Federal Highway Administration

    Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, 6300 Georgetown Pike
    McLean, VA  United States  22101
  • Authors:
    • Clarke, A
    • Tracy, L
  • Publication Date: 1995-4


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 152 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00724992
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA-RD-94-062, Final Report
  • Contract Numbers: DTFH61-92-C-00138
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI, USDOT
  • Created Date: Aug 29 1996 12:00AM