This report addresses the nature and consequences of truck accidents that result in fire. This analysis indicates that, although fires involving trucks are rare, they are unusually lethal events, especially for heavy truck occupants. Analysis also suggests that fuel system integrity may be involved as a factor in some fire related accidents, but clearly is not responsible for all the fires in which heavy trucks are involved. This study addresses the physical and chemical aspects of fires involving truck fuel systems and includes a discussion of the various components of typical truck fuel systems and their apparent breach vulnerability. Based on a failure modes and effects analysis and a fault tree analysis, the results of this study suggest that improvements might be possible that could reduce even further the likelihood of fires that are the result of truck crashes.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Title and Date taken from Form DOT F 1700.7; cover of document has the following title and date: Heavy Truck Fuel System Safety Study, September 1989. Sponsored by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington, D.C. This report was prepared in response to Senate Report No. 100-198 (HR 2890; October 9, 1987) and the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act of 1988.
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of Maryland, College Park

    Department of Fire Protection Engineering
    College Park, MD  United States  20742
  • Authors:
    • Mowrer, F W
    • Milke, J A
    • CLARKE, R M
  • Publication Date: 1989-8


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 143 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00719447
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-807 484
  • Contract Numbers: DTNH22-88-Z-07417
  • Files: HSL, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Mar 20 1996 12:00AM