AN ILLUSTRATED GUIDE TO TRAFFIC CALMING. THE FUTURE WAY OF MANAGING TRAFFIC
The first well documented practical applications of traffic calming were the Dutch 'Woonerven' designed during the late 1960's and early 1970's. The early Woonerf streets abandoned the traditional division between carriageway and pavement. One surface was created, for use by all road users, and motor vehicle speed was restricted to walking pace. Traffic calming was initially applied primarily to residential areas, but is now starting to be extended to whole cities. In the widest sense, traffic calming can be defined as an overall transport policy which includes, apart from a reduction of the average motor vehicle speed in built up areas, design features to encourage walking, cycling, and the use of public transport. It can also be defined more narrowly, as a policy to reduce motor vehicle speeds to about 20 mph in urban areas. The street environment and design requires improvement with the objectives of: (a) reduction in the severity and number of accidents in built up areas; (b) reduction on air and noise pollution; (c) increasing the use of non-motorised forms of transport. Examples of traffic calming are given from several towns in West Germany.
Friends of the Earth26-28 Underwood Street
- HASS-KLAU, C
- Publication Date: 1990-1
- Pagination: 19 p.
- TRT Terms: Area traffic signal control; Arterial highways; Central business districts; Crash rates; Environment; Highway design; Improvements; Layout; Parking; Residential areas; Shopping centers; Speed; Traffic restraint; Urban areas
- Uncontrolled Terms: Decreases
- ITRD Terms: 1612: Accident rate; 669: Area traffic control; 9009: Decrease; 2855: Highway design; 9108: Improvement; 2885: Layout; 2748: Main road; 955: Parking; 307: Residential area; 320: Shopping centre; 5408: Speed; 311: Town centre; 633: Traffic restraint; 313: Urban area
- Subject Areas: Design; Highways; Planning and Forecasting; Safety and Human Factors; Terminals and Facilities;
- Accession Number: 00606601
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
- Files: ITRD, TRIS, ATRI
- Created Date: Mar 31 1991 12:00AM