THE EFFECT OF USING A "TOWAWAY" THRESHOLD IN STUDYING TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS
The Restraint Systems Evaluation Program (RSEP) and the National Crash Severity Study (NCSS) utilized a "towaway" threshold for inclusion of accident vehicles in their samples. It is also going to be the major criterion for much of the National Accident Sampling System (NASS). In this report, the effect of using such a threshold rather than "all accidents" is investigated. In the first part of the report, the independent variables which are most closely associated with post-crash vehicle drivability are identified. Two different data sources, 1976 North Carolina accident data and 1975 New York accident data, were examined. The variables identified in single vehicle and multi-vehicle accidents in the two files were very comparable. A log-linear model was fitted to the North Carolina data and predicted towaway odds as a function of the identified independent variables presented. For example, the odds of being towed versus the vehicle being drivable in high speed, front impact single vehicle crashes are from four to ten-fold greater depending on the object struck. In the second part of the report, accident and injury characteristics along with seat belt usage and effectiveness estimates are compared as a function of the sampling criterion.
University of North Carolina, Chapel HillHighway Safety Research Center
Chapel Hill, NC United States 27599
Washington, DC United States 20590
- Dutt, A K
- Reinfurt, D W
- Publication Date: 1979-9-30
- Pagination: 68 p.
- TRT Terms: Crash injury research; Crash severity; Crashes; Forecasting; Frontal crashes; Information processing; Injuries; Manual safety belts; Mathematical models; Measures of effectiveness; Motor vehicles; Research; Safety equipment; Statistics; Traffic crashes; Traffic safety
- Identifier Terms: National Accident Sampling System
- Uncontrolled Terms: Criteria; Effectiveness; Models; Motor vehicle accidents
- Subject Areas: Data and Information Technology; Highways; Research; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00305937
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: DOT-HS-805-210 Final Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: DOT-HS-4-00897
- Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Apr 22 1980 12:00AM