Optimization Models for Park-and-Ride Location and Transit Level of Service

An important aspect when designing Park-and-Ride (P&R) services is the location of the P&R facility. The P&R facility should be able to attract sufficient demand to be economically feasible and, at the same time, provide an efficient transit level of service. The ability to attract demand is based on P&Rs user’s rationality: users patronize the facility if they gain savings in their generalized total costs. This paper incorporates this rationality in a logit function and presents optimization models for siting Park-and-Ride (P&R) facilities that maximize demand capture. At the same time, it includes the novelty of determining the optimal level of service of the transit mode associated with the P&R. The models developed include a discrete version where all users use the facility with the less cost; and an approach where users choose facilities according to a logit function adding uncertainty about the costs. Numerical examples are used to show the feasibility of the approach, and also to show some interesting findings regarding the tradeoff between level of service and location.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; Maps; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 21p
  • Monograph Title: TRB 94th Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01552930
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 15-3490
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Dec 30 2014 1:10PM