How Residential Environment and Travel Behavior Influence People's Life Satisfaction? -- Bayesian Network Analysis

Emphasizing the role of urban and transportation policies in enhancing people’s quality of life, this study examined how residential environment and travel behavior influence the quality of life (measured in the form of life satisfaction) by explicitly incorporating various interdependencies based on the Bayesian Network approach, in line with the life-oriented approach. For this purpose, this study adopted a web-based life choice survey (as a tool of the life-oriented approach), which includes people’s subjective evaluation about the life satisfaction and the behavioral information from a variety of life domains, including residence, leisure and recreation, job, health, neighborhood, family budget, education and learning, and family life as well as travel behavior . The survey was conducted with respect to residents in major Japanese cities in 2010. Here, residential environment is measured using distance to various daily facilities surrounding the residence, and travel behavior is defined by vehicle ownership and trip making, which contains travel mode choice and frequency by trip purpose. Analysis results first revealed that the Bayesian Network approach is applicable to explore the travel behavior issues in this study. Next, it is confirmed that all of the life domains interact with each other. Most prominently, satisfaction with leisure and recreation, residence contribute most to the overall life satisfaction. It is also found that people’s overall life satisfaction can be greatly shaped and enhanced by travel behavior and residential environment. Complex interdependencies between residential environment and travel behavior are clarified, too. Furthermore, the analysis by updating the Bayesian network provides useful insights for supporting land use and transport policies. Finally, it is concluded that impacts of urban and transportation policies on quality of life can be properly captured by making better use of the life-oriented approach and the Bayesian network approach simultaneously.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This paper was sponsored by TRB committee ADB10 Traveler Behavior and Values. Alternate title: How Do Residential Environment and Travel Behavior Influence People's Life Satisfaction? Bayesian Network Analysis.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board

    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001
  • Authors:
    • Xiong, Yubing
    • Zhang, Junyi
  • Conference:
  • Date: 2014

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 22p
  • Monograph Title: TRB 93rd Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01519174
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 14-5531
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Jan 27 2014 3:56PM