Single Span Integral Abutment Bridge Response - Straight and Skew Alignments

The Vermont Agency of Transportation sponsored a program of field instrumentation and analysis to evaluate the performance of Integral Abutment Bridges (IABs). The research components are the responsibility of the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. The response of two bridges are presented and discussed in this paper, a straight girder non-skewed bridge with 141.0 ft. span, and a straight girder 15 degree skewed bridge with 121.4 ft. span. Instrumentation includes strain gages, tiltmeters, inclinometers, crack meters, pressure cells, and displacement transducers. All gages include thermistors to monitor long term response to cyclic thermal loads. This paper gives an overview of bridge details and instrumentation, focusing on observed substructure response using data collected from late 2009 through July 2013. The longitudinal displacements in the skewed bridge were similar to the non-skewed bridge. It was determined that a two-dimensional analysis would be sufficient for approximating the longitudinal global movement of both bridges. However, transverse displacements in the skewed bridge introduce bi-axial bending in the piles that needs consideration in design. It was found that the maximum earth pressures occurring in both bridges are well below the assumed fully passive pressure used for design. Piles for IABs are commonly designed assuming the top of abutment displacement is constant throughout the height of the abutment, therefore neglecting any abutment rotation. However, data presented in this paper show that in both bridges the displacements were significantly lower at the bottom of the abutment (top of pile).

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This paper was sponsored by TRB committee AFF40 Field Testing and Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) of Transportation Structures.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board

    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001
  • Authors:
    • Quinn, Brooke H
    • Civjan, Scott A
    • Brena, Sergio F
    • Allen, Chad A
  • Conference:
  • Date: 2014


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 20p
  • Monograph Title: TRB 93rd Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01514850
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 14-2840
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Jan 27 2014 2:58PM