Synthesis of safety research - pedestrians
This synthesis provides information from past research on pedestrians, with a primary emphasis on pedestrian safety. The topics include characteristics of pedestrian accidents, conflict analyses and hazard formulas, pedestrian safety programs, and countermeasures related to engineering and education. Engineering measures discussed in this report include pedestrian barriers, crosswalks, signs, signals, right-turn-on-red, innovative traffic control devices, refuge islands, provisions for handicapped pedestrians, bus stop location, school trip safety, overpasses, sidewalks, and others. Information is also included on educational considerations and traffic enforcement and regulations related to pedestrians. Pedestrian accidents account for 15 to 20 percent of all motor-vehicle fatalities in the US and more than 100,000 people injured or killed each year. A considerable amount of research has been conducted over the past 25 years to better define the pedestrian safety problem and to develop and evaluate potential countermeasures. When selectively used, many of the engineering treatments can be effective in reducing pedestrian deaths and injuries. Pedestrian educational programs have been found to reduce 20 to 30 percent of pedestrian accidents involving young children. Model traffic regulations and enforcement programs are also important.
United States. Federal Highway Administration. Office of Technology ApplicationsWashington, DC
- Zegeer, C V
- Publication Date: 1991-6
- Pagination: 102p
- Issue Number: FHWA-SA-91-034
- TRT Terms: Crash analysis; Crash types; Highway safety; Law enforcement; Pedestrians; Research; Traffic conflicts; Traffic safety; Traffic safety education
- ATRI Terms: Conflict method; Crash analysis; Crash countermeasure; Crash type; Law enforcement; Pedestrian; Research and development; Road safety; Road user education
- Subject Areas: Pedestrians and Bicyclists; Research; Security and Emergencies;
- Accession Number: 01404298
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: ARRB Group Ltd.
- Files: ITRD, ATRI, USDOT
- Created Date: Aug 23 2012 10:16PM