Early Age Stiffening of Cement Paste Using Ultrasonic Wave Reflection

This paper describes how ultrasonic wave reflection (UWR) has been used to monitor hydration and strength development of concrete. UWR measures the changes in reflected ultrasonic waves at the interface between a buffer material and hydrating cement paste. To monitor the subtle changes during early hydration it is necessary to use a buffer with low acoustic impedance, close to that of cement paste. In this research, UWR measurements on hydrating Type I portland cement are performed using a high impact polystyrene (HIPS) buffer. Both S-waves and P-waves are analyzed simultaneously to develop and extend the use of UWR to monitor early stiffening of cement paste. The penetration resistance test (ASTM C 403) and temperature rise of cement paste are used to correlate stiffening characteristics. The UWR responses show good correlation with results from temperature rise and penetration resistance. The onset of stiffening is the same for penetration resistance and both P- and S-wave UWR, and nearly the same for temperature rise. It is found that the HIPS buffer can provide sensitive measurement on the early age stiffening of cement paste.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: CD-ROM
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 9p
  • Monograph Title: Transition from Fluid to Solid: Re-Examining the Behavior of Concrete at Early Ages

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01142231
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: SP-259-1
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 20 2009 7:41AM