A comparative study on the performance of sands rich and poor in fines inself-compacting concrete

Self-compacting concrete (SCC) as a special concrete, has practical advantages due to its mechanical performance and application easiness. However,a more careful study is needed at the stage of mixture proportioning. In order to produce SCC, a more voluminous but also a more viscous matrix is needed compared to concrete of normal workability. This may be achieved byusing additional fillers with pozzolanic or inert nature. The employment of sands rich in fines may be a second alternative source of filler. However, the physical properties of sands rich in fines affect the performance of SCC in dual ways. In this study, the effects of the changes in the physical properties of sands (in particular the fine material content and type), on concrete performance were investigated. SCC mixtures containing fourdifferent sands (washed natural (WN) sand, washed crushed limestone (WCL)sand, crushed limestone sand with silt powder (CLS) and crushed limestonesand with clay powder (CLC)) were produced and the admixture requirementsfor each type of SCCs were determined. Test results suggest that, in order to produce SCC with the same consistency, admixture requirement may change with the physical properties of sands used. When compared to SCCs prepared with washed sand (poor in fines), approximately similar compressive strengths have been obtained by using CLS sand. On the other hand, CLC sand caused strength loss and increased the admixture demand for a targeted slump-flow of SCC. Due to the increased admixture content, setting times of SCCs prepared with CLC sand were also lengthened. The methylene blue adsorption value is a good indicator of clay content of sand. This test method was efficiently used for the selection of appropriate sand type incorporating high volumes of fine materials. Additionally, microstructural studies revealed some clues about the poor performance of SCCs prepared with CLC sand. (A) Reprinted with permission from Elsevier.


  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01090076
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Mar 17 2008 10:45AM