Spatial Processes

This chapter describes how spatial process - behavioral processes that evolve in space - are at the heart of travel demand analysis and transportation planning. Spatial processes evolve at different spatial scales: consider inter-regional migration, interchange of telephone calls, commuting in a metropolitan area, trip distribution for grocery shopping, or movements of visitors in a shopping mall. Among these, the focus of this chapter is on residents’ daily movements in an urban area. Following the nomenclature of the field of travel behavior research, the term, “travel,” is hereafter used in place of “movement,” and movement from an origin to a destination, where an activity is typically engaged will be called a “trip.” This chapter is then concerned with the daily travel patterns of urban residents. It describes how the spatial process evolves over time. It is “stochastic” in the sense that it comprises random events that materialize over time. In the case of daily travel patterns, an event may be defined as the engagement in an activity at a different location, which induces a trip. Thus, a person’s daily travel pattern typically contains several events and trips that connect them. In the sense that the timing, destinations, and other attributes of the trip, and the type and duration of the activity, are not known to the observer beforehand, they may be viewed as random events.

  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Published as Volume 5, Handbooks in Transport series, ISSN 1472-7889.
  • Corporate Authors:


    The Boulevard, Langford Lane
    Kidlington, Oxford  United Kingdom  OX5 1GB
  • Authors:
    • Kitamura, Ryuichi
  • Publication Date: 2004


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Edition: First
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 513-531
  • Monograph Title: Handbook of Transport Geography and Spatial Systems

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01004065
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0080441084
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 15 2005 2:13PM